This day in history (Aug. 14)

Staff Writer

29 BC – Octavian holds the second of three consecutive triumphs in Rome to celebrate the victory over the Dalmatian tribes.
1040 – King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland.
1183 – Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan (traditional Japanese date: Twenty-fifth Day of the Seventh Month of the Second Year of Juei).
1288 – Count Adolf VIII of Berg grants town privileges to Düsseldorf, the village on the banks of the Düssel.
1352 – War of the Breton Succession: Anglo-Bretons defeat the French in the Battle of Mauron.
1370 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, grants city privileges to Carlsbad which is subsequently named after him.
1385 – Portuguese Crisis of 1383–85: Battle of Aljubarrota: Portuguese forces commanded by King John I and his general Nuno Álvares Pereira defeat the Castilian army of King John I.
1415 – Henry the Navigator leads Portuguese forces to victory over the Marinids at the Battle of Ceuta.
1480 – Battle of Otranto: Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam; they are later honored in the Church.
1592 – Imjin War: At the Battle of Hansan Island, the Korean Navy, led by Yi Sun-sin, Yi Eok-gi, and Won Gyun, decisively defeats the Japanese Navy, led by Wakisaka Yasuharu, at Hansan Island.
1598 – Nine Years' War: Battle of the Yellow Ford: Irish forces under Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, defeat an English expeditionary force under Henry Bagenal.
1720 – The Spanish military Villasur expedition is wiped out by Pawnee and Otoe warriors near present-day Columbus, Nebraska.
1816 – The United Kingdom formally annexed the Tristan da Cunha archipelago, administering them from the Cape Colony in South Africa.
1842 – American Indian Wars: Second Seminole War ends, with the Seminoles forced from Florida to Oklahoma.
1848 – Oregon Territory is organized by act of Congress.
1880 – Construction of Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, is completed.
1885 – Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
1888 – An audio recording of English composer Arthur Sullivan's "The Lost Chord", one of the first recordings of music ever made, is played during a press conference introducing Thomas Edison's phonograph in London, England.
1893 – France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration.
1897 – Franco-Hova Wars: The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
1900 – The Eight-Nation Alliance occupies Beijing, China, in a campaign to end the bloody Boxer Rebellion in China.
1901 – The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
1911 – United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
1912 – U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after José Santos Zelaya had resigned three years earlier.
1914 – World War I: Start of the Battle of Lorraine, an unsuccessful French offensive designed to recover the lost province of Moselle from Germany.
1916 – Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary, joining the Entente in World War I.
1921 – Tannu Uriankhai, later Tuvan People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Soviet Russia).
1933 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km2).
1935 – Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act, creating a government pension system for the retired.
1936 – Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.
1937 – Chinese Air Force Day: The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when six Imperial Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers are shot down by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force while raiding Chinese air bases.
1941 – World War II: Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter of war stating postwar aims.
1945 – Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II and the Emperor records the Imperial Rescript on Surrender (August 15 in Japan Standard Time).
1945 – The Viet Minh launches August Revolution amid the political confusion and power vacuum engulfing Vietnam.
1947 – Pakistan gains Independence from the British Empire and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
1959 – Founding and first official meeting of the American Football League.
1962 – Two gunmen hijacked a mail truck in Plymouth, Massachusetts, and made off with $1.5 million.
1967 – UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate radio illegal.
1969 – Operation Banner: British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland.
1971 – Bahrain declares independence as the State of Bahrain.
1972 – An East German Ilyushin Il-62 crashes during takeoff from East Berlin, killing 156.
1973 – The Pakistan Constitution of 1973 comes into effect.
1975 – The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opens in London.
1980 – Lech Wałęsa leads strikes at the Gdańsk, Poland shipyards.
1987 – All the children held at Kia Lama, a rural property on Lake Eildon, Australia, run by the Santiniketan Park Association, are released after a police raid.
1994 – Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, also known as "Carlos the Jackal", is captured.
1996 – Greek Cypriot refugee Solomos Solomou is murdered by Turkish forces while trying to climb a flagpole in order to remove a Turkish flag from its mast in the United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus.
2003 – A widescale power blackout affects the northeast United States and Canada.
2005 – Helios Airways Flight 522, en route from Larnaca, Cyprus to Prague, Czech Republic via Athens, crashes in the hills near Grammatiko, Greece, killing 121 passengers and crew.
2006 – Chencholai bombing: Sixty-one Sri Lankan Tamils are killed in a Sri Lankan Air force bombing.
2007 – The Kahtaniya bombings kills at least 796 people.
2010 – The first-ever Youth Olympic Games are held in Singapore.
2013 – Egypt declares a state of emergency as security forces kill hundreds of demonstrators supporting former president Mohamed Morsi.
2015 – The US Embassy in Havana, Cuba re-opens after 54 years of being closed when Cuba–United States relations were broken off.

Births
1297 – Emperor Hanazono of Japan (d. 1348)
1337 – Robert III of Scotland (d.1406)
1473 – Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (d. 1541)
1479 – Catherine of York (d. 1527)
1499 – John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, English politician, Lord Great Chamberlain (d. 1526)
1575 – Robert Hayman, English-Canadian poet and politician (d. 1629)
1599 – Méric Casaubon, Swiss-English scholar and author (d. 1671)
1625 – François de Harlay de Champvallon, French archbishop (d. 1695)
1642 – Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1723)
1645 – Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, Mexican secular priest, scientist, and savant (d. 1700)
1653 – Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English colonel and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica (d. 1688)
1688 – Frederick William I of Prussia (d. 1740)
1714 – Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter (d. 1789)
1727 – Louise Élisabeth of France (d. 1759)
1727 – Princess Henriette of France (d. 1752)
1738 – Leopold Hofmann, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1793)
1740 – Pope Pius VII (d. 1823)
1758 – Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer (d. 1835)
1777 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist (d. 1851)
1817 – Alexander H. Bailey, American lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1874)
1840 – Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German-Austrian psychologist and author (d. 1902)
1847 – Robert Comtesse, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (d. 1922)
1848 – Margaret Lindsay Huggins, Anglo-Irish astronomer and author (d. 1915)
1851 – Yannoulis Chalepas, Greek sculptor (d. 1938)
1851 – Doc Holliday, American dentist and poker player (d. 1887)
1857 – Max Wagenknecht, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1922)
1863 – Ernest Thayer, American poet and author (d. 1940)
1865 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1952)
1866 – Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician and academic (d. 1962)
1867 – Cupid Childs, American baseball player (d. 1912)
1867 – John Galsworthy, English author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1933)
1871 – Guangxu Emperor of China (d. 1908)
1876 – Alexander I of Serbia (d. 1903)
1881 – Francis Ford, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1953)
1886 – Arthur Jeffrey Dempster, Canadian-American physicist and academic (d. 1950)
1887 – Marija Leiko, Latvian actress (d. 1937)
1889 – Otto Tief, Estonian lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Estoria (d. 1976)
1890 – Bruno Tesch, German chemist and businessman (d. 1946)
1892 – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English pianist, composer, and critic (d. 1988)
1893 – Francis Dvornik, Czech priest and academic (d. 1975)
1895 – Jack Gregory, Australian cricketer (d. 1973)
1896 – Albert Ball, English fighter pilot (d. 1917)
1896 – Theodor Luts, Estonian director and cinematographer (d. 1980)
1901 – Alice Rivaz, Swiss pianist and author (d. 1998)
1903 – Lodewijk Bruckman, Dutch painter and illustrator (d. 1995)
1909 – Stuff Smith, American violinist (d. 1967)
1910 – Willy Ronis, French photographer (d. 2009)
1910 – Pierre Schaeffer, French composer and producer (d. 1995)
1911 – Jan Koetsier, Dutch composer and conductor (d. 2006)
1911 – Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian spiritual leader, philosopher, and author (d. 2006)
1912 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic (d. 1985)
1913 – Hector Crawford, Australian director and producer (d. 1991)
1913 – Paul Dean, American baseball player (d. 1981)
1915 – B. A. Santamaria, Australian political activist and publisher (d. 1998)
1916 – Fumio Fujimura, Japanese baseball player and manager (d. 1992)
1916 – Wellington Mara, American businessman (d. 2005)
1922 – Leslie Marr, English race car driver
1923 – Patriarch Diodoros of Jerusalem (d. 2000)
1923 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (d. 2007)
1924 – Sverre Fehn, Norwegian architect, designed the Hedmark Museum (d. 2009)
1924 – Georges Prêtre, French conductor
1924 – Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, 16th Karmapa, Tibetan spiritual leader (d. 1981)
1925 – Russell Baker, American journalist and author
1926 – René Goscinny, French author and illustrator (d. 1977)
1926 – Buddy Greco, American singer and pianist
1928 – Lina Wertmüller, Italian director and screenwriter
1929 – Kinnaird R. McKee, American admiral (d. 2013)
1929 – Gene Scott, American pastor and broadcaster (d. 2005)
1929 – Dick Tiger, Nigerian boxer (d. 1971)
1930 – Earl Weaver, American baseball player and manager (d. 2013)
1931 – Frederic Raphael, American journalist, author, and screenwriter
1932 – Lee Hoffman, American author (d. 2007)
1933 – Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1935 – John Brodie, American football player and golfer
1936 – Trevor Bannister, English actor (d. 2011)
1940 – Galen Hall, American football player and coach
1941 – Lynne Cheney, American wife of Dick Cheney, 32nd Second Lady of the United States
1941 – David Crosby, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1942 – Willie Dunn, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2013)
1943 – Ronnie Campbell, English miner and politician
1944 – John Dunt, English admiral
1945 – Steve Martin, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
1945 – Wim Wenders, German director, producer, and screenwriter
1946 – Antonio Fargas, American actor
1946 – Susan Saint James, American actress
1946 – Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver and businessman (d. 2010)
1947 – Bruce Nash, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1947 – Danielle Steel, American author
1947 – Jiro Taniguchi, Japanese author and illustrator
1947 – Joop van Daele, Dutch footballer and manager
1948 – Terry Adams, American pianist and composer (NRBQ)
1949 – Morten Olsen, Danish footballer and coach
1950 – Gary Larson, American cartoonist
1951 – Peter Blegvad, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and illustrator (Slapp Happy and The Lodge)
1951 – Slim Dunlap, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Replacements)
1951 – Norbert Hofmann, German footballer and manager
1952 – Debbie Meyer, American swimmer
1953 – James Horner, American composer and conductor (d. 2015)
1954 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2009)
1954 – Stanley A. McChrystal, American general
1956 – Jackée Harry, American actress, director, and television personality
1956 – Andy King, English footballer and manager (d. 2015)
1956 – Rusty Wallace, American race car driver and sportscaster
1957 – Peter Costello, Australian lawyer and politician, 35th Treasurer of Australia
1957 – Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (d. 1986)
1958 – Philip Dunne, English farmer and politician, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology
1958 – Bobby Eaton, American wrestler and trainer
1959 – Frank Brickowski, American basketball player
1959 – Marcia Gay Harden, American actress
1959 – Magic Johnson, American basketball player and coach
1960 – Sarah Brightman, English singer-songwriter and actress
1960 – Fred Roberts, American basketball player and educator
1961 – Eddie Gilbert, American wrestler and manager (d. 1995)
1962 – Mark Gubicza, American baseball player and sportscaster
1962 – Kevin Harris, Canadian skateboarder
1962 – Andres Herkel, Estonian academic and politician
1962 – Rameez Raja, Pakistani cricketer and sportscaster
1963 – Emmanuelle Béart, French actress
1963 – Jose Coceres, Argentinian golfer
1964 – Neal Anderson, American football player and coach
1964 – Jason Dunstall, Australian footballer and sportscaster
1965 – Paul Broadhurst, English golfer
1965 – Terry Richardson, American photographer and director
1966 – Halle Berry, American model, actress, and producer, Miss World United States 1986
1966 – Karl Petter Løken, Swedish-Norwegian footballer and sportscaster
1966 – Tuncay Özkan, Turkish journalist and politician
1967 – Erik Gandini, Italian-Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter
1968 – Pravin Amre, Indian cricketer and coach
1968 – Catherine Bell, English-American actress and producer
1968 – Darren Clarke, Northern Irish golfer
1968 – Jason Leonard, English rugby player
1968 – Medy van der Laan, Dutch politician
1969 – Tracy Caldwell Dyson, American chemist and astronaut
1969 – Stig Tøfting, Danish footballer and manager
1970 – Kevin Cadogan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Third Eye Blind)
1971 – Raoul Bova, Italian actor, producer, and screenwriter
1971 – Mark Loretta, American baseball player and coach
1971 – Pramodya Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan cricketer
1972 – Tamer El Said, Egyptian director, producer, and screenwriter
1972 – Laurent Lamothe, Haitian businessman and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Haiti
1973 – Jared Borgetti, Mexican footballer
1973 – Jay-Jay Okocha, Nigerian footballer
1973 – Kieren Perkins, Australian swimmer and sportscaster
1974 – Chucky Atkins, American basketball player and coach
1974 – Christopher Gorham, American actor
1975 – Mike Vrabel, American football player and coach
1976 – Fabrizio Donato, Italian triple jumper
1977 – Ed Harcourt, English singer-songwriter and producer
1977 – Juan Pierre, American baseball player
1978 – Anastasios Kyriakos, Greek footballer
1978 – Greg Rawlinson, South African-New Zealand rugby player
1979 – Jérémie Bréchet, French footballer
1979 – Paul Burgess, Australian pole vaulter
1979 – Yōichirō Morikawa, Japanese actor, director, and screenwriter
1980 – Aydın Toscalı, Turkish footballer
1980 – Roy Williams, American football player
1981 – Earl Barron, American basketball player
1981 – Matthew Etherington, English footballer
1981 – Paul Gallen, Australian rugby league player
1981 – Julius Jones, American football player
1981 – Kofi Kingston, Ghanaian-American wrestler
1983 – Elena Baltacha, Ukrainian-Scottish tennis player (d. 2014)
1983 – Mila Kunis, Ukrainian-born American actress
1983 – Juan Oviedo, Dominican baseball player
1983 – Spencer Pratt, American television personality
1984 – Simon Andrews, English motorcycle racer (d. 2014)
1984 – Eva Birnerová, Czech tennis player
1984 – Clay Buchholz, American baseball player
1984 – Giorgio Chiellini, Italian footballer
1984 – Josh Gorges, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 – Nick Grimshaw, English radio and television host
1984 – Nicola Slater, Scottish tennis player
1984 – Robin Söderling, Swedish tennis player
1985 – Christian Gentner, German footballer
1985 – Shea Weber, Canadian ice hockey player
1986 – Cameron Jerome, English footballer
1986 – Sam Moa, Tongan-New Zealand rugby league player
1986 – Braian Rodríguez, Uruguayan footballer
1987 – Tim Tebow, American football player and sportscaster
1989 – Florian Abel, German footballer
1989 – Ander Herrera, Spanish footballer
1989 – Kyle Turris, Canadian ice hockey player

Deaths
582 – Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine emperor (b. 535)
1040 – Duncan I of Scotland (b. 1001)
1167 – Rainald of Dassel, Italian archbishop (b. 1120)
1204 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (b. 1182)
1390 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (b. 1364)
1433 – John I of Portugal (b. 1357)
1464 – Pope Pius II (b. 1405)
1573 – Saitō Tatsuoki, Japanese daimyo (b. 1548)
1691 – Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, Irish soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1630)
1704 – Roland Laporte, French religious leader (b. 1675)
1727 – William Croft, English organist and composer (b. 1678)
1774 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician and scholar (b. 1716)
1784 – Nathaniel Hone the Elder, Irish-born English painter and academic (b. 1718)
1856 – Constant Prévost, French geologist and academic (b. 1787)
1860 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist and entomologist (b. 1774)
1870 – David Farragut, American admiral (b. 1801)
1874 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American minister and politician (b. 1821)
1890 – Michael J. McGivney, American priest, founded the Knights of Columbus (b. 1852)
1891 – Sarah Childress Polk, American wife of James K. Polk, 12th First Lady of the United States (b. 1803)
1905 – Simeon Solomon, English soldier and painter (b. 1840)
1909 – William Stanley, American engineer and philanthropist (b. 1829)
1926 – John H. Moffitt, American sergeant and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1843)
1928 – Klabund, German author and poet (b. 1890)
1938 – Hugh Trumble, Australian cricketer and accountant (b. 1876)
1941 – Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr and saint (b. 1894)
1941 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854)
1943 – Lore Berger, Swiss author and translator (b. 1921)
1943 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player and manager (b. 1871)
1951 – William Randolph Hearst, American publisher and politician, founded the Hearst Corporation (b. 1863)
1954 – Hugo Eckener, German pilot and designer (b. 1868)
1954 – Nikos Ploumpidis, Greek activist (b. 1901)
1955 – Herbert Putnam, American lawyer and publisher, Librarian of Congress (b. 1861)
1956 – Bertolt Brecht, German poet, playwright, and director (b. 1898)
1958 – Frédéric Joliot-Curie, French physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
1958 – Konstantin von Neurath, German lawyer and politician, Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1873)
1963 – Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
1964 – Johnny Burnette, American singer-songwriter (The Rock and Roll Trio) (b. 1934)
1965 – Vello Kaaristo, Estonian skier (b. 1911)
1966 – Tip Snooke, South African cricketer (b. 1881)
1967 – Bob Anderson, English motorcycle racer and race car driver (b. 1931)
1972 – Oscar Levant, American actor, pianist, and composer (b. 1906)
1972 – Jules Romains, French author and poet (b. 1885)
1973 – Fred Gipson, American journalist and author (b. 1908)
1978 – Nicolas Bentley, English author and illustrator (b. 1907)
1980 – Dorothy Stratten, Canadian-American model and actress (b. 1960)
1981 – Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor and director (b. 1894)
1981 – Dudley Nourse, South African cricketer (b. 1910)
1982 – Mahasi Sayadaw, Burmese monk and philosopher (b. 1904)
1984 – Spud Davis, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1904)
1984 – J. B. Priestley, English author and playwright (b. 1894)
1985 – Gale Sondergaard, American actress (b. 1899)
1988 – Roy Buchanan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Snakestretchers) (b. 1939)
1988 – Robert Calvert, South African-English singer-songwriter and playwright (Hawkwind) (b. 1945)
1988 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari (b. 1898)
1989 – Ricky Berry, American basketball player (b. 1964)
1991 – Alberto Crespo, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1920)
1992 – John Sirica, American lawyer and judge (b. 1904)
1994 – Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-Swiss novelist, playwright, memoirist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
1994 – Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and author (b. 1912)
1996 – Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor and composer (b. 1912)
1999 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1918)
2000 – Alain Fournier, French-Canadian computer scientist and academic (b. 1943)
2002 – Larry Rivers, American painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
2002 – Dave Williams, American singer-songwriter (Drowning Pool) (b. 1972)
2003 – Helmut Rahn, German footballer (b. 1929)
2004 – Czesław Miłosz, Polish-born American novelist, essayist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
2004 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-English lawyer and politician (b. 1918)
2006 – Adriaan de Groot, Dutch psychologist and chess player (b. 1914)
2006 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (b. 1949)
2007 – Pinchas Goldstein, Israeli politician (b. 1939)
2007 – Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1913)
2007 – Kotozakura Masakatsu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 53rd Yokozuna (b. 1940)
2010 – Rallis Kopsidis, Greek painter and author (b. 1929)
2010 – Herman Leonard, American soldier and photographer (b. 1923)
2011 – Fritz Korbach, German footballer and manager (b. 1945)
2012 – Maja Bošković-Stulli, Croatian historian and academic (b. 1922)
2012 – Vilasrao Deshmukh, Indian lawyer and politician, 14th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (b. 1945)
2012 – Svetozar Gligorić, Serbian chess player and theoretician (b. 1923)
2012 – Sergey Kapitsa, English-Russian physicist and demographer (b. 1928)
2012 – Phyllis Thaxter, American actress (b. 1919)
2013 – Gia Allemand, American model (b. 1983)
2013 – Jack Garfinkel, American basketball player and coach (b. 1918)
2013 – Jack Germond, American journalist and author (b. 1928)
2013 – Paddy Power, Irish educator and politician, 22nd Irish Minister for Defence (b. 1928)
2014 – Leonard Fein, American journalist and academic, co-founded Moment Magazine (b. 1934)
2014 – George V. Hansen, American soldier and politician (b. 1930)
2015 – Agustín Cejas, Argentinian footballer (b. 1945)
2015 – Bob Farrell, American businessman, founded Farrell's Ice Cream Parlour (b. 1927)
2015 – Bob Johnston, American songwriter and producer (b. 1932)

Holidays and observances
Christian feast day:
Domingo Ibáñez de Erquicia
Jonathan Myrick Daniels (Episcopal Church)
Kaj Munk (with Kolbe, Lutheran Church)
Martyrs of Otranto
Maximilian Kolbe
August 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Commemoration of Wadi al-Dahab (Morocco)
Engineer's Day (Dominican Republic)
Independence Day, celebrates the day when Pakistan was declared a sovereign nation following the end of the British Raj in 1947.
Pramuka Day (Indonesia)

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