This day in history (Nov. 11)

Staff Writer

Events
308 – At Carnuntum, Emperor emeritus Diocletian confers with Galerius, Augustus of the East, and Maximianus, the recently returned former Augustus of the West, in an attempt to end the civil wars of the Tetrarchy.
1100 – Henry I of England marries Matilda of Scotland, the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and a direct descendant of the Saxon king Edmund Ironside.
1028 – Constantine VIII died, ending his uninterrupted reign as emperor or co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire of 66 years.
1215 – The Fourth Council of the Lateran meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are, by that doctrine, said to transform into the body and blood of Christ.
1500 – Treaty of Granada: Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
1572 – Tycho Brahe observes the supernova SN 1572.
1620 – The Mayflower Compact is signed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod.
1634 – Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.
1673 – Second Battle of Khotyn in Ukraine: Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets made by Kazimierz Siemienowicz are successfully used.
1675 – Gottfried Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = ƒ(x).
1724 – Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
1750 – Riots break out in Lhasa after the murder of the Tibetan regent.
1750 – The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, is formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It is the first college fraternity.
1778 – Cherry Valley massacre: Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces attack a fort and village in eastern New York during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.
1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein: Eight thousand French troops attempt to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
1813 – War of 1812: Battle of Crysler's Farm: British and Canadian forces defeat a larger American force, causing the Americans to abandon their Saint Lawrence campaign.
1831 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
1839 – The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
1864 – American Civil War: General William Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta to the ground in preparation for his march to the sea.
1865 – Treaty of Sinchula is signed whereby Bhutan cedes the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
1869 – The Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act is enacted in Australia, giving the government control of indigenous people's wages, their terms of employment, where they could live, and of their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generations.
1880 – Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
1887 – August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed as a result of the Haymarket affair.
1889 – The State of Washington is admitted as the 42nd state of the United States.
1911 – Many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.
1918 – World War I: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne.
1918 – Józef Piłsudski assumes supreme military power in Poland - symbolic first day of Polish independence.
1918 – Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.
1919 – The Industrial Workers of the World attack an Armistice Day parade in Centralia, Washington, ultimately resulting in the deaths of five people.
1919 – Latvian forces defeat the West Russian Volunteer Army at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence.
1921 – The Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by US President Warren G. Harding at Arlington National Cemetery.
1923 – Adolf Hitler was arrested in Munich for high treason for his role in the Beer Hall Putsch.
1926 – The United States Numbered Highway System is established.
1930 – Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
1934 – The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Australia is opened.
1940 – World War II: In the Battle of Taranto, the Royal Navy launches the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history.
1940 – World War II: The German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail from the Automedon, and sends it to Japan.
1942 – World War II: France's zone libre is occupied by German forces in Case Anton.
1960 – A military coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam is crushed.
1961 – Thirteen Italian Air Force servicemen, deployed to the Congo as a part of the UN peacekeeping force are massacred by a mob in Kindu.
1962 – Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.
1965 – In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence.
1966 – NASA launches Gemini 12.
1967 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "new left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.
1968 – Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal is to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
1972 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
1975 – Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam, appoints Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister and announces a general election to be held in early December.
1975 – Independence of Angola.
1981 – Antigua and Barbuda joins the United Nations.
1992 – The General Synod of the Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
1993 – A sculpture honoring women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
1999 – The House of Lords Act is given Royal Assent, restricting membership of the British House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage.
2000 – Kaprun disaster: One hundred fifty-five skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel in Kaprun, Austria.
2001 – Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they are traveling in.
2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
2004 – The Palestine Liberation Organization confirms the death of Yasser Arafat from unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
2006 – Queen Elizabeth II unveils the New Zealand War Memorial in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
2012 – A strong earthquake with the magnitude 6.8 hits northern Burma, killing at least 26 people.
2014 – Fifty-eight people are killed in a bus crash in the Sukkur District in southern Pakistan's Sindh province.
Births
990 – Gisela of Swabia, Queen consort of Germany and Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1043)
1050 – Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1106)
1154 – Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1212)
1155 – Alfonso VIII of Castile (d. 1214)
1220 – Alphonse, Count of Poitiers (d. 1271)
1430 – Jošt of Rožmberk, Bishop of Breslau (d. 1467)
1441 – Charlotte of Savoy, French queen (d. 1483)
1449 – Catherine of Poděbrady, Hungarian Queen (d. 1464)
1491 – Martin Bucer, German Protestant reformer (d. 1551)
1493 – Paracelsus, Swiss-German physician, botanist, astrologer, and occultist (d. 1541)
1512 – Marcin Kromer, Prince-Bishop of Warmia (d. 1589)
1569 – Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and chemist (d. 1611)
1579 – Frans Snyders, Flemish painter (d. 1657)
1599 – Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg (d. 1655)
1599 – Ottavio Piccolomini, Austrian-Italian field marshal (d. 1656)
1633 – George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, English politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1695)
1668 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German author and scholar (d. 1736)
1696 – Andrea Zani, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1757)
1743 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish botanist, entomologist, and psychologist (d. 1828)
1748 – Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
1791 – Josef Munzinger, Swiss lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1855)
1821 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, and philosopher (d. 1881)
1836 – Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and author (d. 1907)
1852 – Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austrian-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1925)
1855 – Stevan Sremac, Serbian author and activist (d. 1906)
1857 – Janet Erskine Stuart, English nun and educator (d. 1914)
1860 – Thomas Joseph Byrnes, Australian politician, 12th Premier of Queensland (d. 1898)
1863 – Paul Signac, French painter and educator (d. 1935)
1864 – Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian journalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1921)
1868 – Édouard Vuillard, French painter and academic (d. 1940)
1869 – Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (d. 1947)
1872 – David I. Walsh, American lawyer and politician, 46th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1947)
1882 – Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
1883 – Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor and academic (d. 1969)
1885 – George S. Patton, American general (d. 1945)
1887 – Roland Young, English-American actor (d. 1953)
1888 – Abul Kalam Azad, Indian activist, scholar, and politician, Indian Minister of Education (d. 1958)
1888 – J. B. Kripalani, Indian lawyer and politician (d.1982)
1891 – Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player and manager (d. 1954)
1891 – Grunya Sukhareva, Ukrainian-Russian psychiatrist and university lecturer (d. 1981)
1894 – Beverly Bayne, American actress (d. 1982)
1895 – Wealthy Babcock, American mathematician and academic (d. 1990)
1896 – Shirley Graham Du Bois, American author, playwright, composer, and activist (d. 1977)
1896 – Carlos Eduardo Castañeda, Mexican-American historian (d. 1958)
1898 – René Clair, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1981)[1]
1899 – Pat O'Brien, American actor (d. 1983)
1900 – Maria Babanova, Russian stage and film actress (d. 1983)
1901 – Sam Spiegel, American film producer (d. 1985)
1901 – F. Van Wyck Mason, American historian and author (d. 1978)
1904 – Alger Hiss, American lawyer and convicted spy (d. 1996)
1904 – J. H. C. Whitehead, Indian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1960)
1906 – Brother Theodore, German-American monologuist and comedian (d. 2001)
1907 – Orestis Laskos, Greek director, screenwriter, and poet (d. 1992)
1909 – Robert Ryan, American actor (d. 1973)
1909 – Piero Scotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1976)
1911 – Roberto Matta, Chilean-Italian painter and sculptor (d. 2002)
1912 – Thomas C. Mann, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to El Salvador (d. 1999)
1914 – James Gilbert Baker, American astronomer, optician, and academic (d. 2005)
1914 – Taslim Olawale Elias, Nigerian academic and jurist, 2nd Chief Justice of Nigeria (d. 1991)
1914 – Howard Fast, American novelist and screenwriter (d. 2003)
1914 – Henry Wade, American soldier and lawyer (d. 2001)
1914 – Daisy Bates (activist), American activist who played a leading role in the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957 (d. 1999)
1915 – William Proxmire, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2005)
1915 – Anna Schwartz, American economist and author (d. 2012)
1916 – Robert Carr, English engineer and politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 2012)
1918 – Stubby Kaye, American entertainer (d. 1997)
1919 – Kalle Päätalo, Finnish soldier and author (d. 2000)
1920 – Roy Jenkins, Welsh-English captain, academic, and politician, President of the European Commission (d. 2003)
1920 – Walter Krupinski, German captain and pilot (d. 2000)
1921 – Terrel Bell, American sergeant, academic, and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of Education (d. 1996)
1922 – Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 2007)
1925 – John Guillermin, English-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
1925 – June Whitfield, English actress
1925 – Jonathan Winters, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2013)
1926 – Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
1926 – Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian race car driver (d. 2016)
1927 – Mose Allison, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2016)
1927 – Martin Špegelj, Croatian general and politician, 2nd Croatian Minister of Defence (d. 2014)
1928 – Ernestine Anderson, American singer (d. 2016)
1928 – Carlos Fuentes, Mexican novelist and essayist (d. 2012)
1929 – LaVern Baker, American singer (d. 1997)
1929 – Hans Magnus Enzensberger, German author and poet
1929 – Martin Jacomb, English lawyer, businessman, and academic
1930 – Hugh Everett III, American physicist and mathematician (d. 1982)
1930 – Vernon Handley, English conductor (d. 2008)
1930 – Mildred Dresselhaus, American physicist and academic (d. 2017)
1932 – Germano Mosconi, Italian journalist (d. 2012)
1933 – Martino Finotto, Italian race car driver (d. 2014)
1933 – Peter B. Lewis, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)
1935 – Bibi Andersson, Swedish actress
1936 – Jack Keller, American songwriter and producer (d. 2005)
1937 – Vittorio Brambilla, Italian race car driver (d. 2001)
1937 – Stephen Lewis, Canadian politician and diplomat, 14th Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations
1937 – Alicia Ostriker, American poet and scholar
1939 – Denise Alexander, American actress
1940 – Barbara Boxer, American journalist and politician
1940 – Dennis Coffey, American guitarist
1942 – Jonathan Fenby, English journalist and businessman
1942 – Roy Fredericks, Guyanese-American cricketer and politician (d. 2000)
1942 – Diane Wolkstein, American author and radio host (d. 2013)
1943 – Doug Frost, Australian swim coach
1945 – Chris Dreja, English guitarist and songwriter
1945 – Vince Martell, American singer and guitarist
1945 – Daniel Ortega, Nicaraguan politician, President of Nicaragua
1946 – Al Holbert, American race car driver (d. 1988)
1948 – Andrzej Czok, Polish mountaineer (d. 1986)
1948 – Vincent Schiavelli, American actor (d. 2005)
1948 – Robert John "Mutt" Lange, British-South African record producer and songwriter
1949 – Ismail Petra of Kelantan, former Sultan of Kelantan
1949 – Kathy Postlewait, American golfer
1950 – Mircea Dinescu, Romanian journalist and poet
1950 – Jim Peterik, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1951 – Kim Peek, American megasavant (d. 2009)
1951 – Marc Summers, American television host and producer
1951 – Fuzzy Zoeller, American golfer
1953 – Marshall Crenshaw, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1953 – Andy Partridge, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record producer (XTC)
1954 – Steve Brain, English rugby player
1954 – Mary Gaitskill, American novelist, essayist, and short story writer.
1954 – Roger Slifer, American author, illustrator, screenwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
1955 – Dave Alvin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1955 – Jigme Singye Wangchuk, King of Bhutan
1956 – Ian Craig Marsh, English guitarist
1956 – Talat Aziz, Ghazal singer
1958 – Luz Casal, Spanish singer-songwriter and actress
1958 – Kazimieras Černis, Lithuanian astronomer and astrophysicist
1958 – Carlos Lacámara, Cuban-American actor and playwright
1958 – Kathy Lette, Australian-English author
1959 – Lee Haney, American bodybuilder
1959 – Richard Rowe, English jockey and trainer
1959 – Christian Schwarzenegger, Swiss criminologist and academic
1959 – Carl Williams, American boxer (d. 2013)
1960 – Colin Harvey, English author and critic (d. 2011)
1960 – Chuck Hernandez, American baseball player and coach
1960 – Paquito Ochoa, Jr., Filipino lawyer and politician, 37th Executive Secretary of the Philippines
1960 – Cristina Odone, Kenyan-Italian journalist and author
1960 – Peter Parros, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1960 – Stanley Tucci, American actor and director
1961 – Yuri Milner, Russian entrepreneur, venture capitalist and physicist
1962 – Mario Fenech, Maltese-Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
1962 – Georgios Mitsibonas, Greek footballer (d. 1997)
1962 – Demi Moore, American actress, director, and producer
1962 – James Morrison, Australian trumpet player and composer
1963 – Billy Gunn, American wrestler and actor
1964 – Margarete Bagshaw, American painter and potter (d. 2015)
1964 – Calista Flockhart, American actress
1965 – Max Mutchnick, American screenwriter and producer
1965 – Kim Stockwood, Canadian singer-songwriter
1966 – Benedicta Boccoli, Italian model and actress
1966 – Vince Colosimo, Australian actor
1966 – Alison Doody, Irish model and actress
1967 – Gil de Ferran, Brazilian race car driver
1967 – David Doak, Northern Irish video game designer
1967 – Frank John Hughes, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1968 – David L. Cook, American singer-songwriter and comedian
1968 – Diego Fuser, Italian footballer and manager
1971 – David DeLuise, American actor and director
1971 – Tomas Pačėsas, Lithuanian basketball player and coach
1972 – Adam Beach, Canadian actor
1973 – Jason White, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1974 – Jon B., American singer-songwriter and producer
1974 – Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor and producer[2]
1974 – Static Major, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2008)
1974 – Wajahatullah Wasti, Pakistani cricketer
1975 – Daisuke Ohata, Japanese rugby player
1976 – Jason Grilli, American baseball player
1976 – Jesse F. Keeler, Canadian bass player
1977 – Ben Hollioake, Australian-English cricketer (d. 2002)
1977 – Maniche, Portuguese footballer and manager
1977 – Marsha Mehran, Iranian-American author (d. 2014)
1978 – Lou Vincent, New Zealand cricketer
1980 – Willie Parker, American football player and coach
1980 – Edmoore Takaendesa, Zimbabwean-German rugby player
1982 – Gonzalo Canale, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
1982 – Jeremy Williams, English model, actor, and poet
1983 – Arouna Koné, Ivorian footballer
1983 – Philipp Lahm, German footballer
1983 – Tatsuhisa Suzuki, Japanese voice actor and singer
1984 – Stephen Hunt, English footballer
1984 – Birkir Már Sævarsson, Icelandic footballer
1985 – Osvaldo Alonso, Cuban footballer
1985 – Austin Collie, American football player
1985 – Tiidrek Nurme, Estonian runner
1985 – Jessica Sierra, American singer
1985 – Robin Uthappa, Indian cricketer
1986 – Jon Batiste, American singer and pianist
1986 – Victor Cruz, American football player
1986 – Mark Sanchez, American football player
1986 – François Trinh-Duc, French rugby player
1987 – Vinny Guadagnino, American actor
1987 – Chanelle Hayes, English model and singer
1988 – David Depetris, Argentinian-Slovak footballer
1988 – Mikako Komatsu, Japanese voice actress and singer
1988 – Kyle Naughton, English footballer
1989 – Adam Rippon, American figure skater
1989 – Reina Tanaka, Japanese singer
1989 – Lewis Williamson, Scottish race car driver
1990 – James Segeyaro, Papua New Guinean rugby league player
1990 – Tom Dumoulin, Dutch road bicycle racer
1990 – Georginio Wijnaldum, Dutch footballer
1991 – Christa B. Allen, American actress
1992 – Sofía Luini, Argentine tennis player
1993 – Jang Hee-ryung, South Korean actress
1993 – Jamaal Lascelles, English footballer
1994 – Connor Price, Canadian actor
1994 – Ellie Simmonds, English swimmer
1995 – Josh Aloiai, New Zealand rugby league player
Deaths
405 – Arsacius of Tarsus, Tarsian archbishop (b. 324)
683 – Yazid I, Muslim caliph (b. 647)
865 – Petronas, Byzantine general
865 – Antony the Younger, Byzantine monk and saint (b. 785)
875 – Teutberga, queen of Lotharingia
1028 – Constantine VIII, Byzantine emperor (b. 960)
1078 – Udo of Nellenburg, Archbishop of Trier (during the siege of Tübingen)
1089 – Saint Peter Igneus, Italian Benedictine monk
1130 – Teresa of León, Countess of Portugal, Portuguese regent (b. 1080)
1189 – King William II of Sicily ("the Good") (b. 1153)
1285 – King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)
1331 – Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia (b. c. 1285)
1561 – Hans Tausen, Danish reformer (b. 1494)
1583 – Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond, Irish rebel
1623 – Philippe de Mornay, French theorist and author (b. 1549)
1638 – Cornelis van Haarlem, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1562)
1724 – Joseph Blake, English criminal (b. 1700)
1812 – Platon Levshin, Russian metropolitan (b. 1737)
1831 – Nat Turner, American slave and rebel leader (b. 1800)
1855 – Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, author, and poet (b. 1813)
1861 – Pedro V of Portugal (b. 1837)
1862 – James Madison Porter, American lawyer and politician, 18th United States Secretary of War (b. 1793)
1880 – Ned Kelly, Australian criminal (b. 1855)
1880 – Lucretia Mott, American activist (b. 1793)
1884 – Alfred Brehm German zoologist, author, and illustrator (b. 1827)
1887 – Haymarket affair defendants:
1887 – George Engel, German-American businessman and activist (b. 1836)
1887 – Adolph Fischer, German-American printer and activist (b. 1858)
1887 – Albert Parsons, American journalist and activist (b. 1848)
1887 – August Spies, American journalist and activist (b. 1855)
1917 – Liliuokalani of Hawaii (b. 1838)
1918 – George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier (b. 1892)
1919 – Pavel Chistyakov, Russian painter and educator (b. 1832)
1921 – Léon Moreaux, French target shooter (b. 1852)
1931 – Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese businessman (b. 1840)
1939 – Bob Marshall, American author and activist (b. 1901)
1940 – Muhittin Akyüz, Turkish general and diplomat (b. 1870)
1944 – Munir Ertegun, Turkish diplomat (b. 1883)
1945 – Jerome Kern, American composer (b. 1885)
1949 – Loukas Kanakaris-Roufos, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Foreign Minister (b. 1878)
1950 – Alexandros Diomidis, Greek banker and politician, 145th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1875)
1953 – Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1866)
1961 – Behiç Erkin, Turkish colonel and politician, Turkish Minister of Environment and Urban Planning (b. 1876)
1962 – Joseph Ruddy, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1878)
1965 – Luis Arturo González López Guatemalan supreme court judge and briefly acting president (b. 1900)
1972 – Berry Oakley, American bass player (b. 1948)
1973 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
1973 – Richard von Frankenberg, German race car driver and journalist (b. 1922)
1974 – Alfonso Leng, Chilean dentist, composer, and academic (b. 1894)
1976 – Alexander Calder, American sculptor (b. 1898)
1977 – Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist and activist (b. 1950)
1979 – Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-American composer and conductor (b. 1894)
1980 – Vince Gair, Australian politician, 27th Premier of Queensland (b. 1901)
1984 – Martin Luther King, Sr., American pastor, missionary, and activist (b. 1899)
1985 – Pelle Lindbergh, Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1959)
1985 – Arthur Rothstein, American photographer and educator (b. 1915)
1988 – Charles Groves Wright Anderson, South African-Australian colonel and politician (b. 1897)
1988 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (b. 1900)
1990 – Attilio Demaría, Argentinian footballer (b. 1909)
1990 – Sadi Irmak, Turkish physician and politician, 17th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1904)
1990 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor and director (b. 1898)
1990 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and playwright (b. 1909)
1993 – Erskine Hawkins, American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1914)
1993 – John Stanley, American author and illustrator (b. 1914)
1994 – John A. Volpe, American soldier and politician, 61st Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1908)
1994 – Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist, historian, and publicist (b. 1922)
1997 – Rod Milburn, American hurdler and coach (b. 1950)
1997 – William Alland, American film producer and writer (b. 1916)
1998 – Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player and soldier (b. 1913)
1998 – Paddy Clancy, Irish singer and actor (b. 1922)
1999 – Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (b. 1961)
1999 – Jacobo Timerman, Argentinian journalist and author (b. 1923)
2000 – Sandra Schmitt, German skier (b. 1981)
2001 – Erna Viitol, Estonian sculptor (b. 1920)
2002 – Frances Ames, South African neurologist, psychiatrist, and human rights activist (b. 1920)
2003 – Miquel Martí i Pol, Catalan poet (b. 1929)
2004 – Dayton Allen, American comedian and voice actor (b. 1919)
2004 – Yasser Arafat, Palestinian engineer and politician, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1929)
2004 – Richard Dembo, French director and screenwriter (b. 1948)
2005 – Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American director and producer (b. 1930)
2005 – Patrick Anson, 5th Earl of Lichfield, English photographer (b. 1939)
2005 – Peter Drucker, Austrian-American author, theorist, and educator (b. 1909)
2006 – Belinda Emmett, Australian actress (b. 1974)
2007 – Delbert Mann, American director and producer (b. 1920)
2008 – Herb Score, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1933)
2008 – Mustafa Şekip Birgöl, Turkish colonel (b. 1903)
2010 – Marie Osborne Yeats, American actress and costume designer (b. 1911)
2011 – Francisco Blake Mora, Mexican lawyer and politician, Mexican Secretary of the Interior (b. 1966)
2012 – Lam Adesina, Nigerian educator and politician, Governor of Oyo State (b. 1939)
2012 – Joe Egan, English rugby player and coach (b. 1919)
2012 – Rex Hunt, English lieutenant, pilot, and diplomat, Governor of the Falkland Islands (b. 1926)
2012 – Victor Mees, Belgian footballer (b. 1927)
2012 – Harry Wayland Randall, American photographer (b. 1915)
2013 – John Barnhill, American basketball player and coach (b. 1938)
2013 – Domenico Bartolucci, Italian cardinal and composer (b. 1917)
2013 – Bob Beckham, American singer-songwriter (b. 1927)
2013 – John S. Dunne, American priest and theologian (b. 1929)
2013 – Atilla Karaosmanoğlu, Turkish economist and politician, 33rd Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1931)
2014 – John Doar, American lawyer and activist (b. 1921)
2014 – Big Bank Hank, American rapper (b. 1956)
2014 – Philip G. Hodge, American engineer and academic (b. 1920)
2014 – Harry Lonsdale, American chemist, businessman, and politician (b. 1932)
2014 – Carol Ann Susi, American actress (b. 1952)
2015 – Rita Gross, American theologian and author (b. 1943)
2015 – Nathaniel Marston, American actor and producer (b. 1975)
2016 – Victor Bailey, American singer and bass player (Weather Report) (b. 1960)
2016 – Robert Vaughn, American actor (b. 1932)
2017 – Chiquito de la Calzada, Spanish singer, actor and comedian (b. 1932)
Holidays and observances
Birthday of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck (Bhutan)
Children's Day (Croatia)
Christian feast day:
Bartholomew of Grottaferrata
Martin of Tours (Roman Catholic Church), and its related observances.
Menas
Mercurius (Coptic)
Søren Kierkegaard (Lutheran Church)
Theodore the Studite
November 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
End of World War I-related observances:
Armistice Day (New Zealand, France, Belgium and Serbia)
National Independence Day (Poland), commemorates the anniversary of Poland's assumption of independent statehood in 1918
Remembrance Day (United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations, including Australia and Canada)
Veterans Day, called Armistice Day until 1954, when it was rededicated to honor American military, naval, and Air Force veterans. (United States)
Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Angola from Portugal in 1975.
Independence of Cartagena (Colombia)
Lāčplēsis Day, celebrates the victory over the Bermontians at the Battle of Riga in 1919. (Latvia)
Opening of carnival ("Karneval"/"Fasching"), on 11-11, at 11:11. (Germany, the Netherlands, and other countries)
National Education Day (India)
Pepero Day (South Korea)
Pocky & Pretz Day (Japan)
Republic Day (Maldives)
Singles Day (China)
St. Martin's Day (Sint Maarten, Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Women's Day (nl, fr) (Belgium)

Category: