This day in history (Oct. 16)

Staff Writer

456 – Magister militum Ricimer defeats Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the Western Roman Empire.
690 – Empress Wu Zetian ascends to the throne of the Tang dynasty and proclaims herself ruler of the Chinese Empire.
1384 – Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
1590 – Carlo Gesualdo, composer, Prince of Venosa and Count of Conza, murders his wife, Donna Maria d'Avalos, and her lover Fabrizio Carafa, the Duke of Andria at the Palazzo San Severo in Naples.
1780 – Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont are the last major raids of the American Revolutionary War.
1793 – Marie Antoinette, widow of Louis XVI, is guillotined at the height of the French Revolution.
1793 – The Battle of Wattignies ends in a French victory.
1813 – The Sixth Coalition attacks Napoleon Bonaparte in the Battle of Leipzig.
1834 – Much of the ancient structure of the Palace of Westminster in London burns to the ground.
1841 – Queen's University is founded in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
1843 – Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers.
1846 – William T. G. Morton first demonstrated ether anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hospital in the Ether Dome.
1859 – John Brown leads a raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
1869 – The Cardiff Giant, one of the most famous American hoaxes, is "discovered".
1869 – Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's first residential college for women.
1875 – Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.
1882 – The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
1905 – The Partition of Bengal in India takes place.
1906 – The Captain of Köpenick fools the city hall of Köpenick and several soldiers by impersonating a Prussian officer.
1909 – William Howard Taft and Porfirio Díaz hold a summit, a first between a U.S. and a Mexican president, and they only narrowly escape assassination.
1916 – In Brooklyn, New York, Margaret Sanger opens the first family planning clinic in the United States.
1923 – The Walt Disney Company is founded by Walt Disney and his brother, Roy Disney.
1934 – Chinese Communists begin the Long March; it ended a year and four days later, by which time Mao Zedong had regained his title as party chairman.
1939 – World War II: First attack on British territory by the German Luftwaffe.
1940 – Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto is established.
1943 – Holocaust: Raid of the Ghetto of Rome
1944 – Wally Walrus, Woody Woodpecker's first steady foil, debuts in the The Beach Nut, a Walter Lantz's cartoon.
1945 – The Food and Agriculture Organization is founded in Quebec City, Canada.
1946 – Nuremberg trials: Execution of the convicted Nazi leaders of the Main Trial.
1949 – Nikos Zachariadis, leader of the Communist Party of Greece, announces a "temporary cease-fire", effectively ending the Greek Civil War.
1949 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic are established.
1951 – The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
1964 – China detonates its first nuclear weapon.
1964 – Soviet leaders Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin are inaugurated as General Secretary of the CPSU and Premier, respectively and the collective leadership is established.
1968 – United States athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos are kicked off the US team for participating in the 1968 Olympics Black Power salute.
1968 – Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney riots, inspired by the barring of Walter Rodney from the country.
1968 – Yasunari Kawabata becomes the first Japanese person to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
1970 – In response to the October Crisis terrorist kidnapping, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau of Canada invokes the War Measures Act.
1973 – Henry Kissinger and Lê Đức Thọ are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1975 – The Balibo Five, a group of Australian-based television journalists based in the town of Balibo in the then Portuguese Timor (now East Timor), are killed by Indonesian troops.
1975 – Rahima Banu, a two-year-old girl from the village of Kuralia in Bangladesh, is the last known person to be infected with naturally occurring smallpox.
1975 – The Australian Coalition opposition parties using their senate majority, vote to defer the decision to grant supply of funds for the Whitlam Government's annual budget, sparking the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis.
1978 – Karol Wojtyla is elected Pope John Paul II after the October 1978 Papal conclave, the first non-Italian pontiff since 1523.
1978 – Wanda Rutkiewicz is the first Pole and the first European woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
1984 – The Bill debuts on ITV, eventually becoming the longest-running police procedural in British television history.
1984 – Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1986 – Reinhold Messner becomes the first person to summit all 14 Eight-thousanders.
1991 – Luby's shooting: George Hennard runs amok in Killeen, Texas, killing 23 and wounding 20 in Luby's Cafeteria.
1993 – Anti-Nazism riot breaks out in Welling in Kent, after police stop protesters approaching the British National Party headquarters.
1995 – The Million Man March takes place in Washington, D.C.
1995 – The Skye Bridge is opened.
1996 – Eighty-four people are killed and more than 180 injured as 47,000 football fans attempt to squeeze into the 36,000-seat Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City.
1998 – Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a warrant from Spain requesting his extradition on murder charges.
2002 – Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated.
2012 – The extrasolar planet Alpha Centauri Bb is discovered.
2013 – Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashes on approach to Pakse International Airport in Laos, killing 49 people.

Births

1396 – William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English admiral (d. 1450)
1430 – James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
1483 – Gasparo Contarini, Italian cardinal and diplomat (d. 1542)
1535 – Niwa Nagahide, Japanese samurai (d. 1585)
1620 – Pierre Paul Puget, French painter and sculptor (d. 1694)
1679 – Jan Dismas Zelenka, Czech viol player and composer (d. 1745)
1710 – András Hadik, Austrian-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1790)
1714 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist and academic (d. 1795)
1726 – Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish-German painter and educator (d. 1801)
1729 – Pierre van Maldere, Belgian violinist and composer (d. 1768)
1751 – Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 1805)
1752 – Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian and academic (d. 1827)
1754 – Morgan Lewis, American general, lawyer, and politician, 3rd Governor of New York (d. 1844)
1758 – Noah Webster, American lexicographer and author (d. 1843)
1762 – Paul Hamilton, American soldier and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1816)
1789 – William Burton, American physician and politician, 39th Governor of Delaware (d. 1866)
1795 – William Buell Sprague, American minister, historian, and author (d. 1876)
1802 – Isaac Murphy, American educator and politician, 8th Governor of Arkansas (d. 1882)
1804 – Benjamin Russell, American painter and educator (d. 1885)
1806 – William P. Fessenden, American lawyer and politician, 26th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1869)
1815 – Francis Lubbock, American colonel and politician, 9th Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
1819 – Austin F. Pike, American lawyer and politician (d. 1886)
1831 – Lucy Stanton, American activist (d. 1910)
1832 – Vicente Riva Palacio, Mexican liberal intellectual, novelist (d. 1896)
1840 – Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese general and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1900)
1841 – Itō Hirobumi, Japanese lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1909)
1854 – Karl Kautsky, Czech-German journalist, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1938)
1854 – Oscar Wilde, Irish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1900)
1855 – Samad bey Mehmandarov, Azerbaijani general and politician, 3rd Azerbaijani Minister of Defense (d. 1931)
1861 – J. B. Bury, Irish historian and scholar (d. 1927)
1863 – Austen Chamberlain, English businessman and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
1867 – Mario Ruspoli, 2nd Prince of Poggio Suasa (d. 1963)
1869 – Claude H. Van Tyne, American historian and author (d. 1930)
1872 – Walter Buckmaster, English polo player and businessman, co-founded Buckmaster & Moore (d. 1942)
1876 – Jimmy Sinclair, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 1913)
1881 – William Orthwein, American swimmer and water polo player (d. 1955)
1884 – Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
1886 – David Ben-Gurion, Polish-Israeli soldier and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1973)
1888 – Eugene O'Neill, American playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
1888 – Paul Popenoe, American founder of relationship counseling (d. 1979)
1890 – Michael Collins, Irish general and politician, 2nd Irish Minister for Finance (d. 1922)
1890 – Maria Goretti, Italian martyr and saint (d. 1902)
1890 – Paul Strand, American photographer and director (d. 1975)
1897 – Louis de Cazenave, French soldier (d. 2008)
1898 – William O. Douglas, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1980)
1900 – Edward Ardizzone, Vietnamese-English author and illustrator (d. 1979)
1900 – Primo Conti, Italian painter and poet (d. 1988)
1900 – Goose Goslin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1971)
1903 – Cecile de Brunhoff, French author and pianist (d. 2003)
1904 – Björn Berglund, Swedish actor (d. 1968)
1905 – Ernst Kuzorra, German footballer and manager (d. 1990)
1906 – León Klimovsky, Argentinian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1996)
1907 – Richard Titmuss, English sociologist and academic (d. 1973)
1908 – Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (d. 2006)
1908 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian general and politician, Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1985)
1911 – Otto von Bülow, German commander (d. 2006)
1912 – Clifford Hansen, American rancher and politician, 26th Governor of Wyoming (d. 2009)
1912 – Karl Ristikivi, Estonian author and poet (d. 1977)
1913 – Gino Bechi, Italian actor and singer (d. 1993)
1918 – Louis Althusser, Algerian-French philosopher and academic (d. 1990)
1918 – Abraham Nemeth, American mathematician and academic (d. 2013)
1918 – Tony Rolt, English racing driver and engineer (d. 2008)
1919 – Kathleen Winsor, American journalist and author (d. 2003)
1921 – Matt Batts, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)
1921 – MacKenzie Miller, American horse trainer and breeder (d. 2010)
1922 – Max Bygraves, English-Australian actor and singer (d. 2012)
1922 – Leon Sullivan, American minister and activist (d. 2001)
1923 – Linda Darnell, American actress and singer (d. 1965)
1923 – Bert Kaempfert, German conductor and composer (d. 1980)
1923 – Bill McLaren, Scottish rugby player and sportscaster (d. 2010)
1924 – Gerard Parkes, Irish-Canadian actor (d. 2014)
1925 – Angela Lansbury, English-American actress, singer, and producer
1926 – Charles Dolan, American businessman, founded Cablevision and HBO
1927 – Günter Grass, Polish-German author, poet, playwright, and illustrator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
1928 – Mary Daly, American philosopher and theologian (d. 2010)
1928 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress (d. 2016)
1929 – Fernanda Montenegro, Brazilian actress
1930 – John Polkinghorne, English physicist, theologian and priest
1930 – Carmen Sevilla, Spanish actress and singer
1931 – Charles Colson, American lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
1931 – Valery Klimov, Ukrainian-Russian violinist and educator
1931 – Rosa Rosal, Filipino actress
1931 – P. W. Underwood, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
1932 – John Grant, English journalist and politician (d. 2000)
1932 – Henry Lewis, American bassist and conductor (d. 1996)
1932 – Lucien Paiement, Canadian physician and politician (d. 2013)
1934 – Peter Ashdown, English racing driver
1936 – Peter Bowles, English actor and screenwriter
1936 – Andrei Chikatilo, Ukrainian-Russian serial killer (d. 1994)
1936 – Mladen Koščak, Croatian footballer (d. 1997)
1936 – Akira Machida, Japanese lawyer and judge, 15th Chief Justice of Japan
1938 – Nico, German singer-songwriter, model, and actress (d. 1988)
1938 – Carl Gunter, Jr., American politician (d. 1999)
1939 – Joe Dolan, Irish singer (d. 2007)
1940 – Barry Corbin, American actor and producer
1940 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player and coach (d. 2003)
1940 – Ivan Della Mea, Italian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and journalist (d. 2009)
1941 – Tim McCarver, American baseball player, sportscaster, and singer
1941 – Emma Nicholson, Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne, English computer programmer and politician
1943 – Fred Turner, Canadian singer-songwriter and bass player
1944 – Kaizer Motaung, South African footballer and manager
1945 – Stefan Buczacki, English horticulturalist, botanist, and television host
1945 – Dave Hill, English actor
1945 – Paul Monette, American author and poet (d. 1995)
1946 – Geoff Barnett, English footballer
1946 – Suzanne Somers, American actress and producer
1947 – Terry Griffiths, Welsh snooker player and coach
1947 – Bob Weir, American singer-songwriter, and guitarist
1947 – David Zucker, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1948 – Alison Chitty, English production designer and costume designer
1948 – Hema Malini, Indian actress, director, producer, and politician
1948 – Leo Mazzone, American baseball player and coach
1949 – Crazy Mohan, Indian actor, screenwriter, and playwright
1950 – Károly Horváth, Romanian-Hungarian cellist, flute player, and composer (d. 2015)
1952 – Christopher Cox, American lawyer and politician
1952 – Cordell Mosson, American bass player (d. 2013)
1952 – Glenys Thornton, Baroness Thornton, English politician
1953 – Tony Carey, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
1953 – Paulo Roberto Falcão, Brazilian footballer and manager
1953 – Martha Smith, American model and actress
1953 – Al Sobotka, American businessman
1954 – Lorenzo Carcaterra, American author and blogger
1954 – Michael Forsyth, Baron Forsyth of Drumlean, Scottish politician, Secretary of State for Scotland
1954 – Serafino Ghizzoni, Italian rugby player
1954 – Corinna Harfouch, German actress
1955 – Ellen Dolan, American actress
1956 – Marin Alsop, American violinist and conductor
1956 – John Chavis, American football player and coach
1956 – Meg Rosoff, American-English author
1956 – Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah, Bangladeshi poet, author, and playwright (d. 1992)
1957 – Priidu Beier, Estonian poet and educator
1958 – Roy McDonough, English footballer and manager
1958 – Tim Robbins, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1959 – Kevin Brennan, Welsh journalist and politician
1959 – Marc Collins-Rector, American businessman, founded Digital Entertainment Network
1959 – Brian Harper, American baseball player and coach
1959 – Gary Kemp, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
1959 – Philip Maini, mathematician at the University of Oxford
1959 – Tessa Munt, English lawyer and politician
1959 – Jamie Salmon, English-New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
1959 – Erkki-Sven Tüür, Estonian flute player and composer
1959 – John Whittingdale, English politician, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
1960 – Guy LeBlanc, Canadian keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2015)
1960 – Bob Mould, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1961 – Marc Levy, French author
1961 – Randy Vasquez, American actor, director, and producer
1962 – Flea, Australian-American bass player, songwriter, and actor
1962 – Manute Bol, Sudanese-American basketball player and activist (d. 2010)
1962 – Ken Chinn, Canadian singer-songwriter
1962 – Dmitri Hvorostovsky, Russian opera singer
1962 – Nico Lazaridis, German footballer
1963 – Brendan Kibble, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1963 – Timothy Leighton, English physicist and academic
1964 – Shawn Little, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
1964 – James Thompson, American-Finnish author (d. 2014)
1965 – Kang Kyung-ok, South Korean illustrator
1965 – Steve Lamacq, English radio host
1965 – Tom Tolbert, American basketball player and sportscaster
1966 – Mary Elizabeth McGlynn, American voice actress, singer, and director
1966 – Olof Lundh, Swedish journalist
1967 – Jason Everman, American guitarist
1967 – Michael Laffy, Australian footballer
1967 – Davina McCall, English television host and actress
1968 – Randall Batinkoff, American actor and producer
1968 – Mark Lee, Singaporean actor and singer
1968 – Francesco Libetta, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor
1968 – Elsa Zylberstein, French actress
1969 – Roy Hargrove, American trumpet player and composer
1969 – Takao Omori, Japanese wrestler
1969 – Terri J. Vaughn, American actress and producer
1969 – Wendy Wilson, American singer-songwriter
1970 – Kazuyuki Fujita, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
1970 – Mehmet Scholl, German footballer and manager
1971 – Chad Gray, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1971 – Paul Sparks, American actor
1972 – Adrianne Frost, American comedian, actress, and author
1972 – Darius Kasparaitis, Lithuanian-Russian ice hockey player and coach
1972 – Tomas Lindberg, Swedish singer-songwriter
1972 – Kordell Stewart, American football player and radio host
1973 – Justin Credible, American wrestler
1973 – María Eugenia Larraín, Chilean model and actress
1973 – David Unsworth, English footballer and manager
1974 – Aurela Gaçe, Albanian singer
1974 – Paul Kariya, Canadian ice hockey player
1975 – Mahmood Al Zarooni, Emirati horse rider and trainer
1975 – Ernesto Noel Aquino, Honduran footballer
1975 – Sally Biddulph, British journalist and presenter
1975 – Brynjar Gunnarsson, Icelandic footballer
1975 – Jacques Kallis, South African cricketer
1975 – Christophe Maé, French singer
1975 – Kellie Martin, American actress, director, and producer
1976 – Ryan Fitzgerald, Australian footballer and radio host
1977 – John Mayer, American singer-songwriter, rapper, guitarist, and producer
1977 – Laura Wade, English playwright
1978 – Ethan Luck, American guitarist and drummer
1979 – Nicola Blackwood, South African-English politician
1979 – Erin Brown, American actress, director, and screenwriter
1980 – Sue Bird, American basketball player
1980 – Timana Tahu, Australian rugby player
1981 – Ali B, Dutch rapper
1981 – Martin Halle, Danish footballer
1981 – Boyd Melson, American boxer
1981 – Anthony Reyes, American baseball player
1981 – Gregory Sedoc, Dutch hurdler
1981 – Frankie Edgar, American mixed martial artist
1982 – Pippa Black, Australian actress
1982 – Vincy Chan, Hong Kong singer
1982 – Gareth McGrillen, Australian bass player and producer
1982 – Frédéric Michalak, French rugby player
1982 – Cristian Riveros, Paraguayan footballer
1982 – Prithviraj Sukumaran, Indian actor, singer, and producer
1983 – Loreen, Swedish singer and producer
1983 – Philipp Kohlschreiber, German tennis player
1984 – Rachel Reilly, American talk show host and actress
1984 – Shayne Ward, English singer and actor
1985 – Verena Sailer, German sprinter
1985 – Casey Stoner, Australian motorcycle racer
1986 – Inna, Romanian singer-songwriter and dancer
1986 – Nicky Adams, English-Welsh footballer
1986 – Derk Boerrigter, Dutch footballer
1986 – Craig Pickering, English sprinter and bobsledder
1988 – Zoltán Stieber, Hungarian footballer
1989 – Dan Biggar, Welsh rugby player
1990 – Jóhanna Guðrún Jónsdóttir, Danish-Icelandic singer
1990 – Anirudh Ravichander, Indian singer-songwriter and actor
1992 – Rika Adachi, Japanese model and actress
1992 – Viktorija Golubic, Swiss tennis player
1992 – Bryce Harper, American baseball player
1992 – Kostas Fortounis, Greek footballer
1993 – Jovit Baldivino, Filipino singer and actor
1993 – Caroline Garcia, French tennis player
1994 – Amelia Lily, English singer-songwriter

Deaths

1333 – Antipope Nicholas V (b. 1260)
1355 – Louis, King of Sicily (b. 1337)
1523 – Luca Signorelli, Italian painter (b. c.1450)
1553 – Lucas Cranach the Elder, German painter and engraver (b. 1472)
1555 – Hugh Latimer, English bishop and saint (b. 1487)
1555 – Nicholas Ridley, English bishop and martyr (b. 1500)
1591 – Pope Gregory XIV (b. 1535)
1594 – William Allen, English cardinal (b. 1532)
1621 – Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Dutch organist and composer (b. 1562)
1628 – François de Malherbe, French poet and critic (b. 1555)
1649 – Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1621)
1655 – Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and theorist (b. 1591)
1660 – John Cook, English politician, Solicitor General for England and Wales (b. 1608)
1679 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, Irish-English soldier and politician (b. 1621)
1680 – Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian-Austrian field marshal (b. 1609)
1730 – Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French-American explorer and politician, 3rd French Governor of Louisiana (b. 1658)
1730 – Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha, Greek politician, 139th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1666)
1750 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German lute player and composer (b. 1687)
1755 – Gerard Majella, Italian saint (b. 1725)
1774 – Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (b. 1750)
1781 – Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, English admiral (b. 1705)
1791 – Grigory Potemkin, Russian general and politician (b. 1739)
1793 – Marie Antoinette, Austrian wife of Louis XVI of France (b. 1755)
1793 – John Hunter, Scottish-English surgeon and philosopher (b. 1728)
1796 – Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia (b. 1726)
1799 – Veerapandiya Kattabomman Indian activist (b. 1760)
1810 – Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian religious leader, founded the breslov hasidic group (b. 1772)
1822 – Eva Marie Veigel, Austrian-English dancer (b. 1724)
1877 – Théodore Barrière, French playwright (b. 1823)
1888 – John Wentworth, American journalist and politician, 19th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
1908 – Joseph Leycester Lyne, English monk (b. 1837)
1909 – Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, German poet and playwright (b. 1856)
1913 – Ralph Rose, American shot putter, discus, and hammer thrower (b. 1885)
1915 – August Warberg, Swedish actor (b. 1842)
1937 – Jean de Brunhoff, French poet and playwright (b. 1899)
1946 – Nuremberg trial executions of the Main Trial:
Hans Frank, German lawyer and politician (b. 1900)
Wilhelm Frick, German lawyer and politician, German Minister of the Interior (b. 1877)
Alfred Jodl, German general (b. 1890)
Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian SS officer (b. 1903)
Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (b. 1882)
Alfred Rosenberg, Estonian architect and politician (b. 1893)
Fritz Sauckel, German sailor and politician (b. 1894)
Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian lawyer and politician, 16th Federal Chancellor of Austria (b. 1892)
Julius Streicher, German journalist and politician (b. 1887)
Joachim von Ribbentrop, German lieutenant and politician, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany (b. 1893)
1951 – Liaquat Ali Khan, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (b 1895)
1952 – Ghulam Bhik Nairang, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and poet (b. 1876)
1956 – Jules Rimet, French businessman (b. 1873)
1957 – John Anthony Sydney Ritson, English rugby player, mines inspector, engineer and professor of mining (b. 1887)
1959 – Minor Hall, American drummer (b. 1897)
1959 – George Marshall, American general and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Defense, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1880)
1962 – Gaston Bachelard, French poet and philosopher (b. 1884)
1964 – Patsy Callighen, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1906)
1966 – George O'Hara, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1899)
1968 – Ellis Kinder, American baseball player (b. 1914)
1971 – Robin Boyd, Australian architect and educator, designed the Domain Park Flats (b. 1919)
1972 – Nick Begich, American lawyer and politician (b. 1932)
1972 – Hale Boggs, American lawyer and politician (b. 1914)
1972 – Leo G. Carroll, English-American actor (b. 1886)
1973 – Gene Krupa, American drummer, composer, and actor (b. 1909)
1975 – Vittorio Gui, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1885)
1978 – Dan Dailey, American actor, singer, dancer, and director (b. 1913)
1979 – Johan Borgen, Norwegian author and critic (b. 1903)
1981 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli general and politician, 5th Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel (b. 1915)
1981 – Eugene Eisenmann, Panamanian-American lawyer and ornithologist (b. 1906)
1982 – Mario Del Monaco, Italian tenor (b. 1915)
1983 – Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer and conductor (b. 1895)
1986 – Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist and pianist (b. 1921)
1989 – Walter Farley, American author and educator (b. 1915)
1989 – Scott O'Dell, American journalist and author (b. 1898)
1989 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (b. 1915)
1990 – Art Blakey, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1919)
1990 – Jorge Bolet, Cuban-American pianist and educator (b. 1914)
1991 – Ole Beich, Danish bass player (b. 1955)
1992 – Shirley Booth, American actress and singer (b. 1898)
1996 – Jason Bernard, American actor (b. 1938)
1996 – Eric Malpass, English author (b. 1910)
1997 – Audra Lindley, American actress (b. 1918)
1997 – James A. Michener, American author and philanthropist (b. 1907)
1998 – Jon Postel, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1943)
1999 – Jean Shepherd, American radio host, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
2000 – Mel Carnahan, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 51st Governor of Missouri (b. 1934)
2001 – Etta Jones, American singer-songwriter (b. 1928)
2003 – Avni Arbaş, Turkish painter (b. 1919)
2003 – Stu Hart, Canadian wrestler and trainer (b. 1915)
2003 – László Papp, Hungarian boxer (b. 1926)
2004 – Pierre Salinger, American journalist and politician, 11th White House Press Secretary (b. 1925)
2005 – Ursula Howells, English actress (b. 1922)
2005 – Eugene Gordon Lee, American actor (b. 1933)
2005 – David Reilly, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1971)
2006 – Tommy Johnson, American tuba player and educator (b. 1935)
2006 – John Victor Murra, Ukrainian-American anthropologist and academic (b. 1916)
2006 – Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian lawyer and politician, 91st President of Peru (b. 1936)
2006 – Lister Sinclair, Indian-Canadian actor and playwright (b. 1921)
2007 – Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (b. 1921)
2007 – Toše Proeski, Macedonian singer-songwriter (b. 1981)
2008 – Dagmar Normet, Estonian author and translator (b. 1921)
2010 – Eyedea, American rapper and producer (b. 1981)
2010 – Barbara Billingsley, American actress (b. 1915)
2011 – Dan Wheldon, English racing driver (b. 1978)
2012 – Frank Moore Cross, American scholar and academic (b. 1921)
2012 – John A. Durkin, American lawyer and politician (b. 1936)
2012 – Mario Gallegos, Jr., American firefighter and politician (b. 1950)
2012 – Bódog Török, Hungarian handball player and coach (b. 1923)
2012 – Eddie Yost, American baseball player and coach (b. 1926)
2013 – Govind Purushottam Deshpande, Indian playwright and academic (b. 1938)
2013 – George Hourmouziadis, Greek archaeologist and academic (b. 1932)
2013 – Ed Lauter, American actor (b. 1938)
2013 – Laurel Martyn, Australian ballerina and choreographer (b. 1916)
2013 – Robert B. Rheault, American colonel (b. 1925)
2013 – Saggy Tahir, Pakistani-American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)
2014 – Ioannis Charalambopoulos, Greek colonel and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
2014 – Allen Forte, American musicologist and theorist (b. 1926)
2014 – Sumi Haru, American actress (b. 1939)
2014 – Tim Hauser, American singer (b. 1941)
2014 – Seppo Kuusela, Finnish basketball player and coach (b. 1934)
2014 – John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, English businessman (b. 1926)
2015 – Richard J. Cardamone, American lawyer and judge (b. 1925)
2015 – Denis Cuspert, German rapper (b. 1975)
2015 – James W. Fowler, American psychologist and academic (b. 1940)
2015 – William James, Australian general and physician (b. 1930)
2015 – Vera Williams, American author and illustrator (b. 1927)
2015 – Memduh Ün, Turkish film producer, director, actor and screenwriter (b. 1920)

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